Wednesday, 28 September 2016

A morning at Lanhydrock House

Whilst Pat was seeing a friend who lived in the area, I got to go to Lanhydrock House and it was very very impressive. My overall impression of the house was of a house frozen in Victorian times although parts of the house (the north wing with a long gallery) date back to the 1620s as does the gatehouse. The rest of the house was significantly damaged by fire in 1881. When it was rebuilt, Thomas Charles (the then owner) specified that he wanted “an unpretentious family home”, I am not sure he succeeded with the unpretentious part.

The Lanhydroch Journals provide a detailed history of the house and its owners - so detailed that only the dedicated will read them all.

L Gate and Wall

Much of the house is presented as the Victorian / Edwardian Country House used by the Robartes Family as their Summer House - they also owned Wimpole Hall (another National Trust property) in Cambridgeshire from 1740 to 1938.

Gate House

Passing through the 17th Century Gatehouse, here seen from the inside,

L Drive

you walk up a long drive leading to the original front porch

L Front Door

and just inside, as a taster to the clever way the National Trust have laid out the house are pictures of those people who lived in the house around whom the house is now presented.

L Family

They include owners of the house and servants. 

L Hall

This is the hall and it is furnished in a rather welcoming style and it is easy to imagine one has just arrived for a weekend stay.

L Dining Table

 The adjacent Dining Room is laid out for a formal meal

L Kitchen 1

and close by are the kitchens 

L Bakery

the bakery

L Cool Room

a cold room for cheese and other dairy products and anything else which needed to be kept cool plus many other service rooms. When it was rebuilt, many of the latest modern inventions were installed including a hot steam method of cleaning greasy pans.

L Typical Corridor

When I left “below stairs” (or more exactly, the back of the house) I was in a corridor leading to The Honourable Thomas Agar-Ronbartes room - the eldest son and heir whose determination to go to the Front in WW1 saw him killed at the age of 35.

L TARobartes Room 1

His valet has obviously just popped out for a moment because his  

L TARobartes Room 2

rooms are laid out just as if the valet had been unpacking.

L TARobartes Room 3

Over 50 rooms are open for visiting and it is impossible to record or comment on them all but I was taken by

Play Room

the Children’s Nursery / Play Room, 

Bathroom

their Bathroom,

His Lordship s Bedroom

His Lordship’s Bedroom which was separated from

Her Ladyship s Bedroom 

her Ladyship’s Room by a bathroom and two lockable doors (nothing so vulgar as always sleeping in the same bed !)

Her Ladyship s Tea Room

and her adjacent sitting room 

Her Ladyship s Tearoom 2

where she and her closest friends could meet for tea and cakes.

The Library 

If I was allowed only one favourite room, it would the the Long Library and its ceiling - a room which survived the fire of 1881. 

Library Ceiling

To describe the Library Ceiling as magnificent, is to do it an injustice. Not only is it magnificent, it is also an astonishing piece of craftsmanship with the whole of the Book of Genesis being portrayed in the ceiling.

One side has one story per picture - and in order they are:

Adam naming the animals

Adam naming the animals

Adam and Eve in the Garden

Adam and Eve in the Garden

Eve giving Adam the apple

Eve giving Adam the apple

Adam and Eve driven out of the garden

Adam and Eve driven out of the garden

Adam and Eve tilling the ground

Adam and Eve tilling the ground

Offering of Cain and Abel

Offering of Cain and Abel

Cain killing Abel

Cain killing Abel

Noah building the Ark

Noah Building the Ark

The entry into the Ark

The entry into the Ark

The Flood

The Flood

Noah giving thanks

Noah giving thanks

Abraham offering up Isaac

Abraham offering up Isaac

David and Goliath

David and Goliath

and then, perhaps when they realised that Genesis was longer than the ceiling space, the other side has two stories per picture frame

Rebekah speaking to Jacob  Kids

Rebekah speaking to Jacob and Jacob brings the kids to Rebekah 

Esau Hunting Isaac Blessing

Esau Hunting and Isaac blessing Jacob

Rebekah Talking Isaac talking

Rebekah talking to Isaac and Isaac talking to Jacob

Jacob Praying Jacob Dream

Jacob Praying and Jacob’s Dream

Jacob Oil Jacob meeting Rachel

Jacob pouring oil upon the stone and Jacob meeting Rachel

Jacob and Laban

Jacob and Laban and Jacob serving seven years for Rachel

Jacob with Leah

Jacob with Leah and Rachel and Jacob setting his wives upon camels

Laban in Jacob s Tent Jacob s Covenant

Laban in Jacob’s tent and Jacob’s covenant with Laban

Jacob Wrestling The Man of God

Jacob wrestling with the angel and The Man of God and Jacob

Meeting of Jacob Hamor

The meeting of Jacob and Esau and Amor and Jacob

Dinah Going Jacob setting out 

Dinah going and Jacob setting out for Bethel

Jacob Pouring Oil Burial Isaac

Jacob pouring oil upon the altar and The Burial of Isaac.

History does not stop here however. In a case to one side it the book which was used by Henry VIII to justify the annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon and his marriage to (the pregnant) Anne Boleyn.

Ockham s Book

The book was written by William of Ockham who (and I now partially quote from the explanation given inside the case) was an English Franciscan friar, scholastic philosopher and theologian. It is known that the book was owned by King Henry VIII because in the top right hand corner of the flyleaf is written the number 282. This corresponds to its place in an inventory of the Upper Library at Westminster Palace taken in 1542.

After many years of marriage to Catherine of Aragon, Henry VIII had no male heir. Having set his sights on Anne Boleyn, he unsuccessfully appealed to the Pope to annul the marriage.

Ockham had argued against the supremacy of the Pope. He maintained that in the case of a heretical pope (as he branded Pope John XXII, a view which might have been influenced by the fact that the Pope had excommunicated him) that a General Council could determine the outcome of King’s request.

Without going into a detailed explanation, because Pope Clement VII would not grant an annulment, the result was that in 1534, King Henry VIII and subsequent monarchs became the supreme head of the Church of England instead of the Roman Catholic Pope - essentially the formal beginning of the English Reformation.

It really is a superb house and well worth far more time than I could spend there.

Tuesday, 27 September 2016

Salisbury - Mompesson House and the Cathedral then Lytes Cary

Obviously the only way to get value out of a National Trust Membership is to visit National Trust (NT) properties. Unfortunately where we live there are not that many so we either have to travel to an area where there are quite a few or to stop off at one on our way to somewhere else. Last year we spent a few days touring NT properties in Kent, this year we are going to do so again but in the West Country. The plan is to:

West Country Route

  • start in Salisbury - Mompesson House (and Salisbury Cathedral which is not NT)
  • on the way to Launceston in Cornwall, stop off at Lytes Cary
  • vist Lanhydrock House near Launceston (and fit in a visit to a friend who lives nearby)
  • back up to Yeovil visiting Cotehele on the way, to visit Montacute House and Barrington Court
  • head north west to the coast and Dunster Caster
  • and lastly on the way home, call in at Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s Cottage in Nether Stowey
Salisbury
 
The centre of Salisbury is one of the nicest "old centres” we have seen. Somehow, a lot of it has avoided the destructive impact of many town planners and hence it is a World Heritage city. Even the car park which we use close to the centre is acceptable in design and from the top floor we get a good view of the Cathedral over the tops of the houses which surround it.
 
Cathedral from CarPark
 
Directly opposite are some buildings which are typical of those which have survived.
 
Old Forge New Street
 
This building has a sign on it which says it was ‘The Old Forge” although I expect the forge aspect of it would have been accessed through the large double doors. Close by is a Georgian Townhouse typical of the style
 
New Street Salisbury
 
and adjacent is The New Inn
 
New Inn New Street
 
which looks rather old but would have been new in the 15th/16th Century.
 
LSI New Street
 
The nearby Literary and Scientific Institute has a wonderful name carving over the window
 
LSI Name
 
Mompesson House
 
The house is in the Cathedral Close and to get there we have to go down the old High Street

High Street Gate to Close

past a fudge shop

FudgeHenge

selling a fudge version of the nearby StoneHenge

High Street North Gate 1327 Detail

and through this Gate which is dated 1327 and is in superb order. Beyond it is the Close and 

Collegium Matronarum

a house called the Collegium Matronarum. The sign over its door reads, "Collegium Hoc Matronarum Do Oo Mo Humillime Dedicavit Sethus Episcopus Sarum Anno Domini MDCLXXXII.” Applying all the skills learnt during my Latin classes (and judicious use of Google), I can tell you that this translates into something like, "This Matrons' College is humbly dedicated to each of them by Bishop Seth, AD 1682." 

Bishop Seth Ward was a generous person who paid for the freehold and construction of the college, which was used to provide sheltered accommodation for up to ten widows of clergy from the Diocese of Salisbury and Exeter.

Mompesson House Salisbury

Mompesson House was built between 1679 and 1701 (details are here, here, here and also here) and in summary can be described as a (Grade 1 Listed) Queen Anne Style house which was lived in by a succession of (not famous) families for 250 years before becoming a National Trust property. As with most National Trust properties, it has been lovingly restored and is hosted by enthusiastic volunteers who are very happy to answer your questions and then tell you the answer to questions you did not think of asking.

A lot of the house is laid out as you would have expected to find it had the occupants just popped out for a moment.

 Dinner TableJacobite Glass

The Dining Room has a traditional table (and also a case full of very old glasses on display -  this one is Jacobean showing Bonnie Prince Charlie)

Table Dried Fruit

with bowls of dried fruit on the table laid out as it would have been in the 1800s.

Sitting Room

The Sitting Room is plush with a valuable Persian Feraghan Carpet on the floor.

Feraghan Carpet

We felt very uneasy walking on it in our outdoor shoes but were told it was a “sacrificial carpet” and we should walk on it.

Hanging Side Table

There also are a nice pair of side tables which have the added history of being owned by Henry Fauntleroy who on the 20th November 1824, in front of 100,000 people, was the last person to be hung for forgery in England.

Camera Obscura

Upstairs is a Camera Obscura pointing at the Cathedral (you can probably guess who is under the cloth)

Camera Obscura Image

and this is the image you get to see. There is lots more to see around the house and one of its greatest assets are the volunteers who when we were there, were very welcoming.

I found one other aspect of the house very impressive - the ceilings and the walls and the wood carving.

Ceiling Detail in Dining Room

One of the owners of the house decided that it was not impressive enough

Dining Room Wall

and so embellished the ceiling and walls with ornate patterns

Sitting Room Ceiling  Staircase Wall

and carvings. 

Staircase rail

The staircase is particularly impressive

Stair Rails

 with a superb landing

Landing  First Floor Door Frame

leading to ornate doorways. It is a most impressive house and well worth visiting. 

Salisbury Cathedral

Across the Cathedral Green is the Cathedral  

Salisbury CHoir Stalls  Vaulted Ceiling

which inside has a beautiful vaulted ceiling and is not as over embellished as many other cathederals.

World s Oldest Clock

It also houses the world’s oldest working mechanical clock. Built in 1386, it has ticked over (an estimated) 4.4 billion times.

Magna Carta

“[We], JOHN, by the grade of God, King of England… To no one will we sell, to no one deny or delay right or justice.” Magna Carta 1215.

Within Salisbury Cathedral is one of the four surviving original copies of the Magna Carta. Its importance in the development of the rights of people throughout the world is explained here   and here. To be within inches of one of the most famous documents in the world was quite something.

Magna Carta

You are not allowed to take photographs of it because of its fragility but there is a copy on the wall outside of the display case. Our visit was significantly enhanced by the fact that whilst we were reading an explanation of it, one of the Cathedral Staff started to explain to us, the historical context of its statements, their importance and how they were circumvented at the time or are still the basis of modern day law.

We liked Salisbury so much that we are determined to visit it again next year but for a longer time.

Lytes Cary Manor

45 miles further west is Lytes Cary Manor which was built as the home of the Lyte Family from the 13th Century onwards

Lytes Cary Manor Front

and the family lived there for the next 500 years adding bits to it now and then. In 1755 it was sold when they could no longer afford to live there and was then used as 

Lytes Cary Manor Back

a workshop and an agricultural equipment store. There is a good description of the house and garden here.

Garden 0

In 1907 Sir Walter Jenner bought it and started its restoration and it became National Trust in 1948. He had his eccentricities, he required a cup tea at 6 am every day and usually communicated with his servants using written notes.

Lady Flora Jenner

This is an 1893 painting of his wife Lady Flora Jenner.

12 Apostles

We thought the Grade II Listed garden was superb - these are 12 neatly clipped Yews known as "The 12 Apostles”.

Garden Croquet

Had we had time, we could have had a game of Croquet on the perfectly maintained lawn

Garden 1

but we were able to admire the flower beds 

Garden 2

Garden 3

Garden 4

with lots of flowers perfectly in bloom - how the National Trust gardeners manage this all year round, I do not know.

Garden Sparrow

And the whole place is a haven for wild life. 

Garden Pixie

Round the back of the house, coming through an arch was someone I had met earlier in the day

Garden Gnome

and she insisted in taking a picture of me looking "dignified”. 

Lytes Cary Great Hall Roof

The Great Hall was built in 1452 and this roof dates from 1458 and is a superb 

Hall Roof 2

example of a arch braced collar beam roof. 

Lyte s Herbal

Herbs were grown in the original gardens because of their medicinal properties as well as for cooking. This book is a first edition of Niewe Herbal (1578).

Lyte s Herbal Description

This is the English version translated from the French by Henry Lyte who dedicated it to Queen Elizabeth I and added his own observations to the book with reference to his own garden.

Good Companion

The house is displayed as it was lived in by Sir Walter Jenner

Good Companions

and in front of a fire place are a pair of Good Companions which it is thought were used to ensure that there were not 13 people sitting at the dining table (I think there is one male and one female).

Tester Bed

This is a Tester Bed in one of the bedrooms dating from the 17th century

Campaign Bed

and this is a Campaign Bed from around the 1800s which comes apart very easily and was often used by officers sent on military campaigns.

It is a very interesting house with the Gardens and the Great Hall being the best bits for me. We now head further south west to stay the night at Liskeard.