Wednesday, 15 May 2013


Bodrum Castle sits prominently on a headland in the City and there has been some sort of fortification on the site since 1100BC.

Bodrum Castle

The current castle dates back to around 1400AD and it has had a varied history since then with numerous sieges and occupations.

We walked around a lot of it and visited

Bodrum Castle Layout Plan

numerous different galleries. It was hard to make a pictorial record as we did it because there is no straight forward path around the castle – there are

Bodrum Castle Snake

all sorts of objects scattered around the castle such as this altar (perhaps) with a snake emblem

Bodrum Castle Gladiator

or this Stele of a Gladiator or numerous stone copies of Coats of Arms from all over the the then known world

Bodrum Castle Shield Bodrum Castle Shield-1 Bodrum Castle Shield-2 Bodrum Castle Shield-3 Bodrum Castle Shield-4

built into the walls of the castle.

The castle contains the regional shipwreck museum which records details of a number of the ancient wrecks found in the area

Bodrum Castle Boat Wreck

and cleverly shows how the ships were originally loaded

Bodrum Castle Boat Wreck-1

how the goods were scattered on the sea bed

Bodrum Castle Boat Wreck-2

or how much of the ship remained when

Bodrum Castle Ships Hull Pieces

found and its possible structure.

Elsewhere are examples of glassware found in the wrecks:

Bodrum Castle Glass Bodrum Castle Glass-1 Bodrum Castle Glass-2Bodrum Castle Ships Hull Glass 

Much of the museum is well laid out, but some of it is difficult to appreciate in its display cases.

Our Fifth of the Seven Wonders

Mausoleum Seven Wonders of World

The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus is one of the seven wonders of the ancient world and when we have seen this, we will have seven five of them during our many years of travelling – only Alexandria and Olympia to go (not that we are trying to get a full set).

Mausoleum Site

There is little of the Mausoleum left because in the mid 1700s someone decided to knock it down to use the stone for building a mosque and repairing the castle.

Mausoleum Model

An artists impression shows that it does indeed look very much like the mausoleum we saw yesterday.

Mausoleum Side Tomb entrance

On one side of the site is a tomb complex

Mausoleum inside side tomb

which is not the tomb but it is interesting to see how it had been cut into the deep stone of the area.

Mausoleum Profile Plan

The actual tomb was underneath the much larger structure

Mausoleum Mausoleum area

and this is the hole where the tomb was and it is thought to have actually laid on the right of this photo. Now as then, water ingress was a problem on site and hence there is a fairly sophisticated underground drainage system in place – these days aided by pumps.

Mausoleum Door

The mausoleum door lies one one side where it was dumped by grave robbers, being too large to move off to reuse elsewhere.

Mausoleum Frieze

Some Plaster Castes of the original frieze are on display in order to give an impression the artistry in its construction. Parts of the originals from the tomb are in the British Museum in London.

And so ends our trip around South Western Turkey and numerous archaeological sites. We return home much educated and slightly exhausted with only four weeks before we are off again.

Bodrum Backstreet

And as we walk away, we spy a beautiful tree in a quiet street on a hot early summer’s day.

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